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Deterioration of vision causes a decrease in cognitive functions

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Aging eyes and common vision problems: major age-related diseases

Eyesight age deterioration is the common incentive for people after 40 to visit specialists who are able to determine the main cause for such unpleasant change in the function of the most crucial sensory organ, which helps us to perceive and respond to our surroundings. And while some vision issues can be explained by eye strain and dryness sensations that are provoked by modern lifestyle and overuse of screens with blue light that affects the retina, some conditions, such as the cataract, are much more dangerous and should be handled properly to avoid losing vision.

How common age-related vision problems and eyesight impairment can affect your life

Disorders that lead to vision loss are not always life-threatening. However, it certainly impacts the quality of your life. So if aging eyes and common vision problems start to bother you and you have noticed some warning signs, you must consult an eye doctor who is capable of accurately diagnosing and developing an efficient treatment scheme to boost the health of your eyes. When the eye becomes less flexible, apparently, you will experience some discomfort during the performance of daily objectives:

  •  problems with reading will occur;
  •  the risk of accidents on road will grow if a driver suffers due to troubles with seeing;
  • losing visual acuity, the activity of some patients will fall, and they may even struggle with psychological issues, as vision impairment definitely ruins your well-being;
  • if left untreated, some conditions can cause total blindness and lead to disability in older adults.

There is a myriad of tips on how to improve eyesight naturally, and one of the best ways to age-proof your eyesight and improve your eyes wellness that was damaged due to age-related eye issues is to saturate your diet with vitamins, antioxidants, and elements that can strengthen your eyes. Exercising and establishing an appropriate schedule with enough healthy sleep and fresh air walks are other remedies. However, not all tactics can produce the desired results. Also, selecting some natural strategies, you must be able to separate myths and facts, which is not a straightforward objective.

To reverse eyesight deterioration and vision loss, it would be a wise decision to equip yourself with pivotal information on the key triggers that give rise to age eyesight changes.

What are some common eye problems that can be related to getting older? 

When it comes to overall health, over time, in the body as a whole, in the eyes, in particular, certain changes occur, the intensity and severity of which is usually associated with a certain age. Due to the contemporary life pace that we live in, eye phenomena and abnormalities may show up early enough. The symptoms intensity is progressing relatively slowly. Different people at different ages may notice an array of alarms, depending on the degree of discomfort that disturbs a person, including:

  1. Sudden sensitivity to light.
  2. Blurry, hazy, or double vision.
  3. At the center of your vision, you may spot an empty or dark patch.
  4. Sudden spots with the feeling of their floating in the eyes.
  5. Swollenness and redness.
  6. The sensation of burning and itching.

It is for these reasons that each patient at a particular time may require their own individual glasses, a treatment plan, and medical advice for their needs and for dealing with the condition that has evoked visual difficulties. So here are the top 5 old-age eye problems:

Glaucoma. Glaucoma is a chronic disease characterized by increased pressure within the eyeball which can be the main source for the gradual loss of sight. The goals of glaucoma treatment are to reduce intraocular pressure to a safe level in each individual patient and to prevent the development of optic nerve atrophy. Healing your eyes with such a condition is possible using medication (eye drops), laser eye surgery, and glaucoma surgery, e.g. trabeculectomy.

Age-related macular degeneration. It is a disease that affects the central, most important area of the retina, known as the macula, which is the region of keenest vision that plays a major role in providing vision. Poor lifestyle choices like smoking, as well as environmental effects and heredity factors, together, can provoke AMD. With AMD, mainly the mechanism of color vision is damaged, so the first signs of the disease are a decrease in visual acuity and loss of color perception.

Presbyopia. As you pass the age of forty, you begin to notice that it is increasingly difficult for you to focus your vision on nearby objects. This deterioration in the focusing ability of the eyes is known as presbyopia. Corrective eyeglasses are one of the common solutions for this disease to return the ability of your up-close reading.

Cataract. With a cataract, the lens becomes opaque, preventing the passage of light through the eye and leading to a decrease in visual acuity. This disease has been known to mankind for thousands of years and has been successfully cured with surgical methods. The treatment with surgical operations is quite safe and allows to restore up to 100% of the vision lost due to the development of cataracts.

Diabetic eye disease. The retina has tiny blood vessels, so having diabetic retinopathy, these vessels can be harmed. To eliminate all risks, you must keep your sugar levels balanced.

Are there preventive care methods for aging eyes and common vision problems?

Experts strongly recommend a balanced diet, regular exercise, weight control, stress reduction, as lifestyle changes are a part of the care plan for your eyes. However, a regular eye examination is a must-have procedure to be capable of restoring your weakened vision properly with proficient assistance. Thus, Vision Care professionals can conduct a throughout eye exam to detect some early signs of the diseases, as some issues are kept silent with no alarming signal at all.

You must also visit your physician since one of the underlying diseases for vision impairment can be diabetes. With such a diagnosis, annual checkups are imperative for the wellness of your eyes. It is paramount to be examined regularly by an ophthalmologist to discuss any changes in vision and a history of familial eye conditions to which you may be genetically predisposed

Gorobyuk Oleg Antonovich
Gorobyuk Oleg Antonovich

Doctor of the highest category

Ivashin Alexey Ivanovich
Ivashin Alexey Ivanovich

Doctor ophthalmologist surgeon

Ivashina Victoria Viktorivna
Ivashina Victoria Viktorivna

Specialist in pediatric and adult ophthalmology and strabology.

Clinic «The best vision»
Clinic «The best vision»

"The best vision" is equipped with high-quality modern ophthalmological equipment, so the technical capabilities for diagnosis and treatment in our clinic of the highest level


Based on our experience in leading professional medical institutions with the help of modern equipment and leading techniques, our ophthalmologists carry out prophylaxis, diagnose and treat eye diseases in patients of different age categories.